Mauritania : a National Action Plan for Nature and the Environment (PANE)
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In order to co-ordinate the multiple actions initiated by different donors, UNDP proposed to Mauritania a National Action Plan for Nature and the Environment (PANE), a way to clarify initiatives, to describe their benefits and objectives and to emphasise synergies.


Many things were done in the water sector : water resource planning, organisation of rural water supply, first water law, creation of protected natural reserve parks, of irrigated areas, clarification of the different national stakeholders’ tasks, support to the farmers and stock breeders, development of small water trades, reform of the national water supply company, membership and participation in the OMVS (Organisation for the Development of the Senegal River), etc.

Nouakchott has also a system for the drainage of domestic wastewater and an operating wastewater treatment plant, the treated water of which is used to irrigate a date grove in the city centre.

However, the water issues are still considered as insufficiently solved, especially in town. Water, even of poor quality, is still scarce and industrial pollution is more and more threatening a fragile ecosystem.

Called for supporting the United Nations Secretariat on Urban Development, an IOWater expert prioritised the following actions :

The guideline is to build a lasting economic environment for the companies of the hygiene sector for sustainable services to the public.